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Food improperly accepted by one or several bhikkhus, according to the vinaya (see pācittiya 32).


M / F Cheek.


Set of the eight points that the bhikkhunīs are supposed to observe within the saṃgha. Here, we deal with the eight conditions that Buddha has laid down for women, while enabling them to found a feminine saṃgha. These conditions are meant for cultivating healthy relationships between the two communities and securing the safety of the bhikkhunīs. The eight garudhammas:

  1. Whatever his rank of seniority might be (even if having reached a hundred years), a bhikkhunī must always pay respects that ought to be to be paid to bhikkhus of all ranks of seniority (even to the ones who integrated the saṃgha the very same day), such as respectfully saluting him, to stand before him and to raise and join one's palms.
  2. The bhikkhunīs are not authorised to spend the vassa in an area where there are no bhikkhus.
  3. During each day of uposatha, the bhikkhunīs must address the saṃgha of bhikkhus so as to inquire about two things: The date of the uposatha and the predicate of dhamma teachings.
  4. Following the vassa, each bhikkhunī must address an invitation to two communities ( bhikkhus and bhikkhunīs) so that a bhikkhu or a bhikkhunī may accuse the former of having committed a/some fault(s) if he/she has seen or heard something or does have suspicions.
  5. A bhikkhunī who has committed a saṃghādisesa must follow the procedure of the mānatta among both communities during fifteen days.
  6. To a bhikkhunī, the integration within the saṃgha can be done only among both communities and after having observed the first six precepts without having committed any fault over the past two years prior to the integration.
  7. A bhikkhunī is under no pretence authorised to reprimand a bhikkhu.
  8. The bhikkhunīs do enjoy no right to give teachings to bhikkhu but the bhikkhus do have the right to give teachings to bhikkhunīs.


F Knowledge and ethics imparted by means of speech or scriptures. Formula expressing some knowledge under the shapes of verses.


[Sick (person in poor health)]. bhikkhu who is ill or feverish.


F Spot whose we are experienced about. Spot that has already been used for something, spot where we are used to and which is convenient for doing something.

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Author: Monk Dhamma Sāmi

Date: 2001

Translator: Thierry Lambrou

Update: 2005, June the 20th