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Naked ascetic. Hermit who dwells in the forest.


F Attachment, desire, thirst.

See also: The attachment


The one who is enlightened, who has a perfect knowledge. The omniscient one. Buddha.


M [Fire].


M [Ancient]. bhikkhu having a seniority of at least ten years or more.


M [Tradition (vāda) of the ancients (theras)]. Buddha's doctrine, as transmitted by an uninterrupted succession of realised bhikkhus.

To distinguish it from the divergent schools that were created later on, original Buddha's teaching has been named theravāda. theravāda is the only school whose disciples put Buddha's word into practice, the way it is outlined in the texts of tipiṭaka.

See also: What is the difference between "hīnayāna" and "mahayāna"?


N Stupidity, unintelligence, weakness.


N [Laziness (thīna); Torpor (middha)].


M [Important, thick, gross or coarse (thulla); fault, malpractice (accaya)]. Important, great and serious . Set of the greatest faults that may be committed by bhikkhus after the pārājikas and the saṃghādisesas.

See also: The thullaccayas


Set of three robes (lower robe, upper robe and twofold robe).


N [Basket (piṭaka); three (ti)]. The three baskets. Set of pali canonical texts grouping together that which Buddha has taught and the aṭṭhakathās (authoritative commentaries).

As indicated by the literal definition of the term, the tipiṭaka is divided between three parts: the vinaya; the suttantas; the abhidhamma. It does correspond with: The conduct; the stories (often of a metaphoric nature and explaining the practice at all levels); the theory (metaphysical section of Buddha's teaching were is expounded in details all that which does constitue reality).


Person adhering to an erroneous view of reality.

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Author: Monk Dhamma Sāmi

Date: 2001

Translator: Thierry Lambrou

Update: 2005, June the 20th