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Policy of accessibility to the Web site, presenting and explaining all its access functions, notably the shortcuts and the choice of the style...

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Key shortcuts

Shortcuts specific to the Web site

List of the keyboard keys, followed by their target

  • "S": beginning of the text
  • "0": accessibility (list of keyboard shortcuts)
  • "1": home page (of the Web site)
  • "2": news
  • "3": map of the Web site
  • "4": search engine
  • "5": frequent questions (concerning the dhamma)
  • "6": help to the utilisation of the Web site
  • "7": Sending an e-mail to dhammadana.org
  • "8": English Pali glossary
  • "9": next page (based on the map structure of the Web site, not on the history of the navigator)
  • Four other keys are designed for the styles. Read the chapters related to styles.

Insofar as they are not obsolete, these keys are operative on the set of pages of this Web site.

Combination of keys, according to the operating systems of the navigators

"key" must be replaced by the key related to the desired function, "+" means "concurrently".

  • On Windows:
    • Firefox, Mozilla, Netscape, K-Meleon : Alt + key
    • Internet Explorer: Alt + key, then Enter
    • Opera 7 and 8: Esc (escape) + Shift (full capital letters key), then key
  • On Macintosh:
    • Mozilla, Netscape, Safari (1.2 or +) : Ctrl + key
    • Internet Explorer: Ctrl + key, then Enter
    • Opera 7: Esc (escape) + Shift (full capital letters key), then key
  • On Linux:
    • Firefox, Mozilla, Galeon : Alt + key
    • Konqueror (3.3 ou +): Ctrl, then key
    • Opera 7: Esc (escape) + Shift (full capital letters key), then key
  • Navigators not supporting this kind of shortcuts keyboard :
    • Netscape 4
    • Camino
    • Galeon
    • Konqueror (before the 3.3 version)
    • Omniweb
    • Safari (before the 1.2 version)
    • Opera (on Windows and Linux, before the 7 version)

Main shortcuts

Here is a reminder of a few keyboard shortcuts that are useful for surfing, valid on the whole of the Net and most of navigators...

Tab, which is an essential key, as it enables to proceed from link to link along each page, in the order of their appearance in the code, except if a specific order has been ascribed to them. The Shift key (in full capital letter) simultaneously pressed on enables to proceed on the tabular in reverse order.

Backspace ("return" or "rear deleting") enables one to proceed back to the previous (or to the anchor) page (according to the history of visited pages and whenever there might be some). Jointly pressed on along with the Shift key, it forwards to the following page
(whenever there might be some).

Home ("beginning", little arrow pointing to the top left) directly lead to the top of the page.

Page down and Page up (respectively an arrow stripped to the bottom, and one to the top), for descending of going up of the height of a window (slightly less, in order to easily follow the thread of one's reading).

Information: If you utilise the navigator Firefox or Mozilla, be reminded that there does exist an extension enabling you to personalise the keyboard shortcuts :

Page of installation of the extension "Keyconfig" (only compatible with Firefox and Mozilla).

The links

The opening of links

The decision to open a link in a new windows Should always be the Web surfer's initiative, not the one of the Web master.

Out of respect for the Web surfers, particularly for those having a lack of knowledge, all the links of the Web site are opened in the currently displayed window. If you wish to open a link in a new window, it is sufficient to do a right click and to select the required action ("open in a new window", "...new page", "...new tab", etc.)

Another option lying in opening a link in a new window consists in simultaneously pressing on the Shift key (in full capital letter) by clicking on link (with the left click of the mouse), but a few navigators ignore this function, such as Opera for instance. Otherwise, Ctrl will open a link into a new tab (valid only for the navigators belonging to the Mozilla family).

The underlying of links

So as to avoid all risks of confusion, all the hypertext links of the Web site are based on the same principle. They are endowed with an underlying, which deleted itself during the flying over of the cursor, and which definitely disappears when the page or the element where it is directed has already been visited.

The same process exactly applies to nibbāna : when we take interest into it, mental defilement are momentarily wiped out  ; as soon as it has been "visited", they definitely disappear.

Regarding the links, please read the chapter on the search for information, found on the page of help.


Some alternative presentations

Some alternative style page models are at disposal in order to adapt the presentation of dhammadana.org according to the sight capacities of each one, the resolution of the mode of display (in dimensions or in colours) of his/her screen, the type of media being utilised, or more simply, according to your wishes.

Those styles do convey to the Web site various attributes, such as colours, polices, text sizing, the location of elements, the display of graphics, etc.

You have the choice between 6 different styles...

By default

With its sober colours, regarding the topic of the red colour of monk's robes (such as the photograph that we guess behind the heading) and its white frames that are appearing in back page having the colour of a stone, the presentation by default is studied so as to suit most of Web surfers.

Although flexible on all its breadth (such as other presentations indeed), it is particularly adapted to the resolutions 800x600 and 1024x768.

Black page

Many are those who come across difficulties (even an impossibility) to read some dark text on a clear back page. Along with its white text entered within black framing that are appearing on a dark brown back page, this presentation has been considered over to fit them. Nevertheless, it can be a choice for anybody, as it is equally pleasurable and comfortable to the eyes.

This style is advised for anyone who feels tired (after a whole day of work, for example). Its dark and soft colours may almost give rise to the wish to taste a box of chocolates ; What an epitome for a Web site whose aim lies in detachment from sensuous pleasures !

Large text

So as to compensate sight deficiencies, this presentation is being displayed in big characters. However, please do know that you can enlarge the size of the text on most of navigators, whether in a menu (usually "Display"), whether directly by means of the keyboard ("+" for Opera, "Ctrl" + "+" for Firefox, Netscape, Mozilla, K-Meleon, etc.)

Large text on a black back page

This presentation simply adds to one another the contents of the two previous ones.

Resolution 640x480

This presentation is convenient for those who do not have at disposal a resolution inferior to 800 pixels in breadth.

Terse style

Still many are those who must be contented with a low speed connection even very slow, of a 16 colours screen, even in black and white, or who experience difficulties in differentiating the colours. Others, even, can concentrate on the contents only in case of absence of graphics, or more simply, a few of them appreciate its complete simplicity. This presentation will certainly cope with their expectations.

Remark: Besides, there does also exist a style designed for printing.

Once for all

When you choose a mode of presentation, your navigator trace this information out (by means of a cookie). Owing to this fact, and as long as this information will be saved apart, the presentation of your choice will be automatically displayed during each of your visits of the Web site. You can admittedly make a change at any time.

How to change the style

With Javascript

You can operate a change of style by simply clicking on the name of the wished mode of presentation, in the menu "Choose", situated on the right (or at the bottom, in case of absence of style page model) of each page (except for a few exceptions).

It is possible to adopt a few of these styles by means of a keyboard shortcut :

  • "Q": By default.
  • "X": Resolution 640x480.
  • "Y": Large text.
  • "Z": Black back page.

Once changed, the style; that is to say the presentation; is applied on all pages of the Web site.

Warning! A few pages, such as the Web site's map and copyrights, do provide only two styles : white and black back page.

Without Javascript

If you have the possibility of doing it, the simplest lies in activating Javascript on your navigator. Otherwise, the menu "Choose" and the corresponding shortcut keyboards will remain without effect.

You can however enter a modification of presentation by means of your navigator's menu, if however the later can operate changes of style, such as Firefox, Mozilla, Netscape or Opera among others. To do so, proceed to the menu "Display"; you will find the list of styles within "Style", "Style of the page", etc. It is sufficient to press the key "Alt", and the key corresponding with the underlined character of each wished menu or item.

Should it be impossible for you to utilise a navigator that can operate the change of style, neither to activate Javascript, as a last resort, you can save the visited pages under the mode "full page", to open up the pages in any text editor (such as the notepad) and to replace by default the name of the style of the model page by the one of the wished model page, and to save the file.

Information: If you utilise the navigator Firefox, please do know that there does exist an extension enabling one to choose and to preserve the style of your choice (on the Web sites proposing several styles) :

Page of installation of the extension "Stylesheet Chooser Plus" (only compatible with Firefox).

Description of the pictures

So that blind people (or having important sight deficiencies) can also "see" the meaningful sight elements displayed on the Web site, they are endowed with an "alt" attribute, with no info bubble appearing during the skimming through of the cursor. All photographs and illustrations needing it do provide a detailed description, at disposal through the attribute "longdesc".

Is accessible on a page giving a list of all detailed descriptions of images of the Web site.

Information: If you utilise the navigator Firefox or Mozilla, please do know the there does exist an extension giving direct access to the contents of the "longdesc" from the navigator onward :

Page of installation of the extension "Longdesc" (compatible only with Firefox and Mozilla).

Accessibility for everyone

The accessibility. This should be THE golden rule of all Web site. We should not wait until we become disabled (in a way or the other), to be blind or having sight deficiencies, to be deprived of some materials, or quite simply to be wasted by old age, for becoming aware of difficulties experienced by many individuals suffering from a physical, mental or material disability.

To do the effort to make accessible to others that which they need; mainly if it is healthy and profitable; here we reach the core of the practice of generosity.

It is of foremost importance to make this teaching accessible to ALL, as it enables beings to reach liberation from suffering, and it is the aim of this Web site. As a monk, the issue of accessibility seemed a key issue to us.

In order to fulfil this urgent need, we have meticulously applied to the whole of pages of the Web site, all the recommendations laid down by specialists in this field. Among those, the "World Wide Web Consortium Web Accessibility Initiative".

icon AAA conformance

Should you ascertain one or several lapses in these recommendations, we would be deeply grateful to you if you let us know (by sending a mail[to]dhammadana.org). The satisfaction of all of us to get access to information they need without impediments depend on it.

The conformance of standards

The basis of any element of accessibility on Internet rests on the conformance of standards. Should all navigators take these standards in account, the work of the Web masters would be truly delightful. Unfortunately, we are led quite far from it. The art of typing and entering a Web site does before all lie in the joint respect of the conformance of standards and the compatibility of all navigators.

Backing up with all these recommendations partaking sometimes of rigorous monastic character, dhammadana.org strive for being equally brilliantly accessible and compatible, such as the sun that shines on all the surface of the earth, with nothing preventing it from shining forth on all sides.

This Web site respects the norms XHTML and CSS. Besides, it is accessible in the vocal navigators, in the screen readers and in the Braille facilities utilised by disabled persons. Although perfectly accessible, only the search engine is not a XHTML document .

icon of XHTML 1.0 W3C validityicon of XHTML 1.0 W3C validity

Note: At the bottom of each page are displayed the links "WAI AAA", "XHTML" and "CSS".

Despite all efforts done by a Web master being anxious of the proper use of the Net, the pages of a Web site always display themselves better in a navigator that is in accordance with standards. Professionals of the Net widely encourage the use of such a navigator.

Understanding this necessity, many are the Web surfers who give up their beyond norms navigator to the use of "modern navigator"; said "alternate"; in accordance with the standards. Who would like to be given a lift on an highway by someone who doesn't respect the Highway Code?

Thus, for your comfort, but also for the safety of your computer, we suggest you adopt a navigator respecting all; and therefore the standards of the Web; such as Mozilla Firefox, much appreciated for its lightness, its speed and its advanced functions of utilisation and accessibility.

Here no publicity is meant; but a mere recommendation designed for the quality and the safety of your navigation.

Logo of Mozilla Firefox

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about this page

Author: Monk Dhamma Sāmi

Translator: Thierry Lambrou

Update: 2005, Oct. the 27th

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